How Carbs & Fats Play Into Good Nutrition
In nutrition, the first commandment is to “balance everything”. Over and under consumption or lack of physical activity makes a good nutrient essential for the body to function effectively will go bad. If you are dieting the first thing that comes into play in terms of nutritional control is carbohydrates and fats. It is postulated in majority of diet plans that has been developed in the late 20th to early 21st century focused on how to limit these two nutrient groups. It is said that controlling carbohydrates lessens the buildup of it and being converted into fat. The same goes with fat because an excess can be deposited or stored in the body and could lead to certain diseases.
Carbohydrates essentially provide the body with energy. It can be found in fruits and vegetables and other starchy organic products. Carbohydrates are commonly referred to as sugars and it is not an essential nutrient in humans. In fact, it is not necessary in the building of molecules and actually the body can source energy by getting it from proteins or fats. The human body can synthesize glucose through gluconeogenesis using materials from amino acids and from glycerol which can be found in fats or triglycerides or some fatty acids.
However, nutrition experts recommend that energy that adult humans need should be sourced using carbohydrates. The reason for this is tied with the fact that other energy sources increases risk of heart disease and obesity. The World Health Organization recommends that 55 to 75 percent of energy should come from carbohydrates. However, why do some experts prevent us from consuming carbohydrates because it may increase the risk for another chronic disease such as diabetes?
It pays to understand that there are two kinds of carbohydrates—simple and complex. The simple carbohydrates are sugars that have very simple chemical structures. It has very little nutritional value to the human body. These types of carbohydrates are responsible in keeping a very high blood sugar reading thus may place you at risk in developing type-2 diabetes. Overconsumption of carbohydrates makes the pancreas to produce more insulin which is essential in fat storage. The more insulin produced because of more carbohydrates means the body will store fat more. Therefore, while we need to source our energy through carbohydrates it is important that we consume the right kind of carbohydrates, the right amount of it and plenty of exercise to balance out everything.
Fats are important, aside from giving energy, it is important in the absorption of key vitamins. It is also a significant source of essential fatty acids which is important in our diet. It also helps to maintain a healthy looking hair and skin, at the same time serves as a cushion to vital body organs from impact or shock, it promotes healthy cell function and helps regulate healthy body temperature. It can protect and one of the lines of defense of organs in cases of microbial invasion. Fats are necessary because some fatty acids are essential nutrients which the body cannot produce on its own if there is any lack of it. It needs to be sourced through one’s diet.
Excess fat can lead to increased triglycerides that can lead to cardiovascular diseases. It is also linked to increased fat storage brought about by excessive insulin produced by the pancreas that could increase the likelihood of type-2 diabetes.
While fat like carbohydrate is beneficial to the human body; it should be carefully weighed and the right amount should be consumed. More good kinds of fat should be sourced and consumed and away from fat that may cause further harm and injury to one’s health.